Community Preparedness Evalutations

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Oct 13, 2017

As Buildings Stakeholder Representative on the CRP (Community Resilience Panel) Coordinating Committee, Accume Partners' Manager Robert Ashcraft presented at the ASTM Symposium on Balancing Resiliency, Safety & Sustainability. The CRP is an independent organization, under the guidance of NIST, through Presidential Action, that is devoted to reducing barriers to community resilience. The mission of the Panel is to improve the resilience of communities by considering the adequacy of codes, standards, guidelines, best practices, and other tools that enhance the performance of the buildings and infrastructure systems that support the social functions of communities.  The Panel develops products, including, but not limited to identifying gaps and needs to codes and standards bodies, Case Studies, and a Resilience Knowledge Base (RKB), of which Robert is the Chair. This session covered the Scenario Teams of the CRP that studies the resiliency planning of communities to evaluate their preparedness to rebuild and recover following an event.

The Scenario Teams surveyed six communities:

  1. Moore, Oklahoma - Tornado
  2. Seaside, Oregon - Earthquake/Tsunami
  3. Palm Coast, Florida - Hurricane
  4. Warsaw, Illinois - Flood
  5. Roanoke Island, North Carolina - Coastal Inundation
  6. Oceanside, California - Wildfire and Drought

The goals of these evaluations were to determine the folllowing: Areas of deficiencies in codes and standards which may prevent buildings from being more resilient. Policies that may need revision or implementation. Best practices and applications that support community resilience, as described in the NIST guide SP-1190.

After reviewing these six communities, the Sceanario Teams made several consclusions based on their findings: Areas of deficiencies in codes and standards which may prevent buildings from being more resilient; Policies that may need revision or implementation; Best practices and applications that support community resilience, as described in the NIST guide SP-1190.

After reviewing these six communities, the Scenario Teams made several conclusions based on their findings.

  1. In many states across the nation the codes vary by jurisdiction with some having no building codes, other adopting older codes, and other proactive communities adopting the current codes. Leveraging a national approach that would enable States to set codes to be adopted into their communities will reduce the likelihood of communities using deficient design and construction standards relative to natural hazards.
  2. It was noted that the Moore, OK, Coty Council engaged multiple sectors; council members, residents, contractors, University of Oklahoma professors, as part of their planning after the 2013 tornados. Engaging multiple sectors creates a more robust plan and builds stronger communities going forward.
  3. Ensuring that all of the community administrative functions are involved in the planning process will assist in the adoptions of elements into the comprehensive plan going forward.
  4. Many communities do not know how to identify vulnerabilities, where grants might be available, and how to write successful grant proposal. NHMA has created a Disaster Risk Reduction Curriculum that could assist these communities.
  5. Once communities start to understand their vulnerabilities they will need to prioritize their efforts based upon short, medium, and long term goals. During the planning process there is always "low hanging fruit" that provides fixes to bring immediate benefit and then focus can be moved to the next level of development.
  6. Communities are accustom to completing land-use and emergency response planning, however almost no medium or smaller community moves forward with the small incremental increase in effort to provide recovery planning. Recovery planning requires long term vision and support.

Get more information on CRP at

Bob is a Manager and has over 20 years of extensive IT auditing, business continuity, governance and risk assessment experience in the retail, healthcare, pharmaceutical, university, government, insurance and transportation industries, as well as extensive experience in IT web and LAN-based security for the healthcare, insurance, finance, government and banking industries. He also has IT experience in enterprise application via architecture, project management, risk and deployment within the mainframe, UNIX/Linux, Citrix and Windows enterprise environments. Bob works with clients in the insurance industry providing services, including internal IT audits, Model Audit Rule and advisory services. He has extensive experience in pre-implementation and post-implementation enterprise software reviews. Bob has authored the security patent "Shipping Master" addressing HIPAA concerns and the web-based, multi-search patented "eDocs Connect" (pre-SharePoint style) for the hospital, university, insurance and financial industries.

Prior to Accume, Bob was an Accenture consultant where he fulfilled the CISO's auditing and project management duties for a Top 3 international print firm's digital pen project with Geisinger. He was also a CISO for a security firm, responsible for writing the company's SOX security response, financial Performa's and appropriations bill for DHS, which was approved by the House and Senate. He also served as an Internal Senior Auditor for a $2 billion auto retail firm. Bob provided support for Xerox Corporation projects in deploying diverse workflow processes within enterprise solutions for hospitals (code verification workflow forms), universities, commercial and government accounts with Citrix deployments of applications and intelligent medical process-flow forms. He also designed and implemented the first POS touch screen application for KFC (Pepsico). Bob is a Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA), Certified HIPAA Security Professional (CHSP), and is Certified in Governance Enterprise Information Technology (CGEIT) and Certified in Risk Information Systems Control (CRISC). He is a graduate of Kutztown University (B.S., Business Administration).